By Oliver Leaman
Even though Islamic philosophy represents probably the most very important philosophical traditions on the earth, it has purely quite lately started to obtain realization within the non-Islamic international. it is a new version of a winning introductory e-book, accelerated and up to date to take account of contemporary scholarship. It makes a speciality of what's considered as Islamic philosophy's golden age, and may attract scholars and to any basic reader attracted to this philosophical culture.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy 2nd Ed.
Indeed, it might be argued that the Prophet implies the significance of reason when he abolished prophecy. The Prophet himself announced that he was the last of the prophets, and so there would be no more revelations or voices claiming divine authority. God has thus invited human beings to assume responsibility for their judgments and to employ their reason in establishing the way they ought to behave. Of course, they will be helped by the Qur’¯an and the rest of Islamic law and tradition, but there will frequently be occasions when these sources do not comment upon particular problems and situations.
What are these issues and arguments? There are a great number we might have considered, but we have limited ourselves to two broad themes. The first is to take up al-Ghaz¯al¯ı’s challenge that the philosophers’ adherence to three theses – that the world is eternal, that God cannot know individuals and that there is no bodily resurrection – constitutes opposition to Islam because they are entirely incompatible with basic religious doctrine. We shall see how these philosophical positions were built up by Aristotle, al-F¯ar¯ab¯ı and Avicenna, and how al-Ghaz¯al¯ı seeks to marshal philosophical arguments to disprove them and theological arguments to show they are equivalent to unbelief.
Avicenna gives an important role to imagination in epistemology, which permits us to produce images of things we have not experienced and so broadens the scope of our thought. The more advanced thinker An introduction to classical Islamic philosophy needs to rise above the material nature of our images until he arrives at concepts that are free of physical features. Progressive refinement of our ideas leads to the point where the Active Intellect is able to work with us to produce the rational universals.
An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy 2nd Ed. by Oliver Leaman