By Ruth A. Johnston
All issues Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World covers the widest definition of "medieval Europe" attainable, now not by means of overlaying heritage within the conventional, textbook demeanour of directory wars, leaders, and critical ancient occasions, yet by way of offering particular alphabetical entries that describe the artifacts of medieval Europe. by way of studying the hidden fabric tradition and through offering information regarding issues that few books cover—pottery, locks and keys, footwear, weaving looms, barrels, toys, pets, ink, kitchen utensils, and lots more and plenty more—readers get worthy insights into the character of existence in the course of that point interval and area.
The heartland eu areas reminiscent of England, France, Italy, and Germany are coated largely, and knowledge concerning the gadgets of areas similar to Byzantium, Muslim Spain, and Scandinavia also are integrated. for every subject of fabric tradition, the access considers the whole scope of the medieval period—roughly 500-1450—to provide the reader a historic standpoint of comparable traditions or innovations and describes the craftsmen and instruments that produced it.
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Extra resources for All Things Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World
He riveted hinges made by a locksmith and added more straps and buckles. Many of the plates were fitted with padding. The final harness weighed around 60 pounds, comparable to a modern soldier’s heavy pack. In the 14th century, armorers developed plate armor for horses. The most important plate, the peytral, covered the horse’s chest, which was most vulnerable to a pike or lance attack. The face was also covered with a plate that left the mouth and nose open and had eyeholes and ear covers. This was called a shaffron, and a crinnet—a curved, hinged piece—sat on the back of the horse’s neck.
While a monkey would be beyond the means of a university student, who might rather keep a rabbit or bird, some ladies kept monkeys. Monkeys could be bought at large fairs, and traveling minstrels used trained monkeys in their shows. Dogs were part of European civilization from the start, first as hunting dogs. Most knights kept hunting dogs at their manors. By the Middle Ages, there were many different breeds. Hunting required different sizes and skills in dogs: greyhounds and alaunts could catch up to running deer and pull them down, mid-sized running hounds tracked and chased the quarry, and bloodhounds tracked and killed downed animals.
All living things were made up of hot and cool, wet and dry. The creature’s overall complexion was the way these four humors were balanced. Bees were cold and dry, while horses were hot and dry. Fish, obviously, were cool and wet. This system was very consistent and passed as scientific, but it could recommend few practical therapies for colic, sprains, worms, or injuries. 16 Animals The falconers or horse trainers of kings sometimes wrote books. Emperor Frederick II of Germany himself wrote a treatise on the care of falcons, taking a scientific approach.
All Things Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World by Ruth A. Johnston