By Gregson Davis
Target? C?saire is the simplest identified poet within the French Caribbean. during this research Gregson Davis examines C?saire's remarkable twin profession as author and elected flesh presser. As probably the most profound critics of colonialism, C?saire, the stated inventor of the well-known time period "negritude", has been a highly influential determine in shaping the modern discourse at the postcolonial crisis. Gregson Davis' account of C?saire's highbrow progress is grounded in a cautious analyzing of the poetry, prose and drama that illustrates the whole diversity and intensity of his literary success.
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Additional info for Aime Cesaire
As the poem opens the speaker is gently berating his fellowCaribbean poet for having abandoned his cultural resources of creativity in order to conform to the current French Communist party line: C'est une nuit de Seine et moi je me souviens comme ivre du chant dement de Boukman accouchant ton pays aux forceps de Forage DEPESTRE Vaillant cavalier du tam-tam est-il vrai que tu doutes de la foret natale de nos voix rauques de nos cceurs qui nous remontent amers de nos yeux de rhum rouges de nos nuits incendiees se peut-il que les pluies de l'exil aient detendu la peau de tambour de ta voix (It is a night on the Seine and as for me: I remember as though drunk the mad song of Boukman delivering your homeland with the forceps of the thunderstorm DEPESTRE Intrepid horseman of the tom-tom is it true you no longer trust in the woods of your birth our hoarse voices, our hearts that hoist us upward to bitter heights our rum ruddy eyes, our night in flames can it be From island to metropolis: the making ofa poet that the rains of exile have loosened the drumskin of your voice) The speaker, who is situated in Paris, reminds the Haitian of his own historical roots: the violent insurrection led by Boukman that helped to set in motion the full-fledged slave revolution (popular accounts tell of a meeting organized by Boukman in the woods, the Bois Caiman, during a severe thunderstorm).
The anthropologist and cultural historian James Clifford has furnished us with the most insightful description to date of the intellectual collage that made the convergence between surrealist practice (both verbal and visual) and European ethnography both probable and fecund at this epoch. "18 It is a truism that earlier twentieth-century visual artists, such as the founders of Cubism, had "discovered" the value, in terms of their own break with representational norms, of what was indiscriminately called art negre - a catchall category that encompassed cultural products of such diverse provenance as Africa, Oceania and the Arctic of the Eskimo peoples.
The nature of this cultural and historical interface cannot be fully recuperated without reference to the visual arts. As we shall have occasion to demonstrate throughout this study, art and literature are closely intertwined in the aesthetic theory and practice of contemporary verbal artists, such as the surrealist poets Andre Breton, Robert Desnos and Benjamin Peret. The anthropologist and cultural historian James Clifford has furnished us with the most insightful description to date of the intellectual collage that made the convergence between surrealist practice (both verbal and visual) and European ethnography both probable and fecund at this epoch.
Aime Cesaire by Gregson Davis