By David Adger
In A Syntax of Substance, David Adger proposes a brand new method of word constitution that eschews useful heads and labels constructions exocentrically. His inspiration at the same time simplifies the syntactic procedure and restricts the diversity of attainable buildings, ruling out the ever present (remnant) roll-up derivations and forcing a separation of arguments from their obvious heads. This new process has a couple of empirical outcomes, which Adger explores within the area of relational nominals throughout diverse language households, together with Germanic, Romance, Celtic, Polynesian, and Semitic. He indicates that the relationality of such nouns as hand, edge, or mother -- which appear to have as a part of their which means a relation among elements -- is really a part of the syntactic illustration during which they're used instead of an inherent a part of their which means. This empirical consequence follows without delay from the hot syntactic process, as does a unique research of PP enhances to nouns and possessors. Given this, he argues that nouns can, normally, be regarded as easily necessities of substance, differentiating them from precise predicates.
A Syntax of Substance deals an leading edge contribution to debates in theoretical syntax in regards to the nature of syntactic representations and the way they hook up with semantic interpretation and linear order.
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Extra resources for A syntax of substance
An REP is a subportion of a structure, where, for every structure that immediately contains another structure, the label of the ﬁrst is higher in the relevant UEP than the label of the second. The labeling of any structure is, however, dependent on what LTFs are in the Λ of the particular language. If in any immediate containment structure there must be a REP, then acquisition of Λ is equivalent to determining which possible subparts of the UEPs are part of the language and which other label transitions are available.
This means that, in a particular language, we can identify Rooted Extended Projections (REPs): they are subparts of structures that track UEPs in a language. In chapter 3, we will see how REPs are used to deﬁne syntactic relations and how a general condition on syntactic relations effectively forces every structure in a language to contain at least one REP. This constraint restricts the LTFs in Λ to be just those that track UEPs plus a set of LTFs that license speciﬁers. Architecturally, then, we have UEPs given by UG, Λ, a result of the acquisition process allowing only certain transitions between labels, and a condition on the interpretability of structures that forces the existence of an extended projection relation in every structure.
44 Chapter 3 Intuitively, the system excludes movement of part of an extended projection line to some position within that same projection line. That is, it follows from the system that a certain class of roll-up derivations (those that result in roll-up of the same extended projection), is impossible. For example, in a VP topicalization construction such as (19), the moved VP must actually be part of a different REP from that containing the auxiliary: (19) . . and eat the mouse Lilly certainly will!
A syntax of substance by David Adger