By Nicole Nau
Latgalian is a local language of Latvia in primary Europe, usually utilized by an envisioned variety of 150,000 audio system. Genetically it belongs to the japanese Baltic department of Indo-European. whereas its shut courting to Latvian is obvious in easy vocabulary and inflectional morphemes, there also are major ameliorations within the phonology, morphology and syntax of the 2 languages, as a result of divergent improvement through the seventeenth - nineteenth c., while Latgalia was once politically and culturally separated from different Latvian territories. in addition, touch with Slavic languages (Polish, Belarusian, Russian) has performed a tremendous position within the heritage of Latgalian.
Typologically salient positive aspects of Latgalian comprise morphophonological concord with an competition of again vs. entrance vowels and gentle (palatalized or alveolar) vs. tough consonants, a wide stock of non-finite verb varieties, genitive vs. accusative marking of direct items, dative marking of fundamental center arguments in numerous structures, using non-finite predicates in represented speech, and the life of a different logophoric pronoun relating the speaker of a pronounced discourse.
Nicole Nau is professor of Baltic languages and linguistics at Adam Mickiewicz collage in Pozna?, Poland. She can also be the writer of LWM 217: Latvian.
ISBN 9783862880553. Languages of the World/Materials 482. 120pp. 2011
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Extra info for A short grammar of Latgalian
111 ) Paguojus-a god-a lasH year-L sa-guoja PFX-go:PST:3 desmit broi/er-u. ' (IS) way. ' (IS) Symts 'hundred' and tyukstusa 'thousand' are heads of a noun phrase, they show the respective case assigned to the noun phrase and govern the genitive plural of the noun expressing what is counted. PL beja be:PST:3 Latgol-ys i latgaffsu gaism-ys pijsat-a. PL light-G city-N 'One hundred years ago St. ' (IS} The forms symts and symtu 'hundred' are also used as indeclinable forms, in which case their syntactic behaviour is that of indeclinable numerals like desmit 'ten'.
IS} The forms symts and symtu 'hundred' are also used as indeclinable forms, in which case their syntactic behaviour is that of indeclinable numerals like desmit 'ten'. A similar behaviour is also observed with indeclinable quantifiers such as puors 'couple', daudz(i) 'much, a lot of', moz 'little, few'. In functions demanding the dative or the locative, the quantifier does not influence the choice of case: (116} antologej-a [ ... PL 'the anthology can be bought in a couple of shops" (IS) In functions demanding nominative or accusative the quantifier governs the genitive.
In traditional texts forms with the auxiliary are rare and in modern texts, too, the debitive is more often found without auxiliary. Note: The personal endings and examples in this table are taken from Cibujs & Leikuma (2003: 78); they are in general not used by authors from Central Latgalia. Curiously, I found some of these forms in other functions: variitum 'would be able' for 2sg (in one paragraph with the same form used for 1sg, VL), also for 3rd person (Sus), byutumet 'would be' for 3rd person (Sus).
A short grammar of Latgalian by Nicole Nau