By Van de Velde, Mark L.O.
A Grammar of Eton is the 1st description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. it's also one of many few entire descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The complicated tonology of Eton is thoroughly analysed and provided in an easy and constant descriptive framework, which allows the reader to maintain music of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists may be specifically attracted to the research of stem preliminary prominence, which manifests itself in a couple of logically self sufficient phenomena, together with size of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and variety of tonal attachment websites. Typologists and Africanists engaged on morphosyntax will locate precious analyses of, between others, gender and contract; annoying, element, temper and negation; and verbal derivation. they're going to come across many morphosyntactic transformations among Eton and the higher recognized jap and Southern Bantu languages, frequently as a result of evolutions formed via maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause constitution and complicated buildings offer facts not often present in assets at the languages of the sector, together with descriptions of non-verbal clauses, concentration, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Eton (Cameroon) (Mouton De Gruyter Library)
Thus, the borrowing mũڮtwâ ‘car’ is morphologically simple, but prosodically it contains a prefix and a stem. The first syllable contains a schwa in non word-final position and cannot carry more than one toneme, which are prosodic characteristics of prefixes. The second syllable begins in a consonant that normally occurs only in the onset of a prominent syllable. 18 (5) Phonology a. b. c. d. e. f. g. /àlàpágá/ ‘rabbit’ < French lapin? /ì-nútŲڹn/ ‘minute’ < German? Minute /sítà/ ‘sister’ < English5 sister /pùlàssí/ ‘Frenchman’ < French?
Table 5. 07 l n By way of an experiment, I made a number of nonsense words with two occurrences of either /b/, /d/, /l/, /n/ or /m/, one of which is stem-initial. g. ). In some of them, /m/ is a prefix that is integrated in the prosodic stem (6). (6) a. ) b. g. (7). 8 (7) 7. 8. 9. 1). Moreover, the other consonants are often subject to lenition if not in the onset of a prominent syllable. Note, however, that lenition is optional. The measurements for /l/ and /b/ in the right hand column of Table 5 are from non-lenited occurrences.
Zà͡ۅmál/ ‘seven’ /nĚà͡á/ ‘tontine’ /m/ vs. /͡/ /sùm/ ‘labour’ (v) /sù͡/ ‘discuss st’ (v) /͡ۅm/ vs. /w/ /͡ۅmám/ ‘be acid’ (v) /wág/ ‘swim’ (v) /n/ vs. )’ (v) /l/ vs. /j/ /lá͡/ ‘read’ (v) /já͡/ ‘grill’ (v) /n/ vs. /͡ۅm/ /ìnàm/ ‘arm’ /͡ۅmàm/ ‘eight’ /l/ vs. /w/ /àlÞڟg/ ‘fishing technique’ /á ࣨwoڟg/ ‘to hear’ /n/ vs. /͡/ /sùn/ ‘deteriorate’ (v) /sù͡/ ‘discuss’ (v) /j/ vs. /w/ /já͡/ ‘grill’ (v) /wá͡/ ‘crawl’ (v) /n/ vs. 2. Vowels The vowel phonemes of Eton are summarised in table 2.
A Grammar of Eton (Cameroon) (Mouton De Gruyter Library) by Van de Velde, Mark L.O.