By Rachel Nordlinger, Felicity Meakins
This quantity is a grammatical description of Bilinarra, an endangered Australian language. This paintings attracts on fabrics accumulated over a 20-year interval from the final first-language audio system of the language, so much of whom have in view that passed on to the great beyond. targeted awareness is paid to all elements of the grammar, with all examples supplied with linked sound records.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Bilinarra: An Australian Aboriginal Language of the Northern Territory
4), as in (3). S leave-IMPF-PRS FOC front-LOC warrgawarrgab wamala-gujarra-lu. REDUP girl-DU-ERG The two girls are dancing in front of the shop. (BH: FM07_a043: 21:23 min) (3) GUR Nyila=ma=wula ma-na-ni warrguwarrguj. REDUP They would gather them up. (VD: FM11a_161: 01:01 min) A second point of diﬀerence between Bilinarra and Gurindji is the presence of a hither suﬃx in Bilinarra which attaches to inﬂecting verbs of motion such as ‘go’ or ‘take’, or action directed towards the deictic centre such as ‘look towards the speaker’.
In particular, the maintenance of Dreaming lines and their associated sacred sites was essential for the physical and spiritual wellbeing of the Bilinarra people. Even today, the destruction of sacred sites is considered detrimental to the health of Bilinarra people. Some sites are imbued with procreative powers, such as Gurdurdularni (literally ‘the place of women’s children’). This sacred site consists of a set of rocks on the Victoria River where the Nangangari women left their Jangala and Nangala children.
Indeed cattle station owners realised that Aboriginal people could provide a source of cheap labour. By this time in Australia’s colonisation, convict labour was no longer available. Rose (2000: 14) suggests that Aboriginal people in the VRD, including the Bilinarra, came to work on cattle stations as a means of survival. People who chose to hold out in the bush remained constant targets for attacks by gardiya. On the other hand, Aboriginal people on the stations were aﬀorded some level of peace, with their labour given in exchange for their lives.
A Grammar of Bilinarra: An Australian Aboriginal Language of the Northern Territory by Rachel Nordlinger, Felicity Meakins