By Winnie Cheng
The publication is the 1st to use David Brazil’s Discourse Intonation platforms (prominence, tone, key and termination) to the examine of a corpus of genuine, naturally-occurring spoken discourses. The Hong Kong Corpus of Spoken English (prosodic) is made of nearly 1000000 phrases such as 4 sub-corpora of equivalent dimension, particularly educational, dialog, enterprise and public. The individuals are all adults and usually have both Cantonese or English as their first language. The 4 Discourse Intonation structures are defined by way of how the process works and the way they're manifested within the corpus, either around the sub-corpora and likewise throughout audio system within the corpus. The ebook is observed with a CD containing the prosodically transcribed corpus including iConc that's the software program designed and written particularly to interrogate the HKCSE (prosodic). the problems raised and mentioned are all of significance in dialog research, Corpus Linguistics, Discourse research, Discourse Intonation, Pragmatics, and Intercultural communique.
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Additional resources for A Corpus-driven Study of Discourse Intonation: The Hong Kong Corpus of Spoken English (Prosodic) (Studies in Corpus Linguistics)
82-98). : 1997: 74). : 75). Tone selections are also accorded social significance. : 77). : 79). : 79) in the local context. 1 The referring and proclaiming tone choices available to speakers Chapter 2. 3 Functions of proclaiming and referring tones Tone Referring tone: rise tone (r+) Referring tone: fall-rise tone (r) Proclaiming tone: fall tone (p) Proclaiming tone: rise-fall tone (p+) Functions To reactivate something which is part of the common ground To indicate that this part of the discourse is already present in the common ground, and therefore will not enlarge the common ground assumed to exist between the participants To indicate that this part of the discourse is not yet present in the common ground, and so will be news and world-changing.
In this sub-corpus, the number of words in a tone unit ranges from one to eighteen words, and the number of prominences Chapter 4. The iConc concordancing program one to four. There is a diminishing number of tone units, according to whether word counts or prominence counts is used as the criterion, so that the largest number of tone units is found for single word tone units with one prominence, and the smallest number of tone units is found for tone units with four prominences and/or a large word count.
12). The hearer then assigns communicative value to either key or termination in the local context. : 65). : 50). The selection of key projects the speaker’s assumption about the hearer’s expectations as the talk unfolds. High key, for example, has contrastive implications, and may show surprise, pleasure, annoyance, alarm, and so on in the local context. : 45). High key adds an increment of meaning that “this tone unit has a denial of expectation relations to what has preceded” (Brazil 1997: 75-84; Cauldwell 2007).
A Corpus-driven Study of Discourse Intonation: The Hong Kong Corpus of Spoken English (Prosodic) (Studies in Corpus Linguistics) by Winnie Cheng